|Legowo Rice Planting In The Way Land Row Fields|
|Written by Administrator|
|Wednesday, 03 February 2010 11:29|
Paddy is the main food crop population in Indonesia, most of the land planted in rice. Constraints include rice yields due to pests, diseases and weeds. The development of this plant bullies often supported by way of the actual plant can still be improved.
Legowo is how to plant paddy rice that has several rows of plants and interspersed by 1 blank line where the line spacing on the edge ½ times the distance of the plant in the middle row.
How to plant a row Legowo for paddy rice in general can be done with various types namely: Legowo (2:1), (3:1), (4:1), (5:1), (6:1) or other types. But the results of research, the best type to get the highest grain production achieved by Legowo 4:1, and to get good quality grain seed grain is achieved by Legowo 2:1.
Understanding Legowo row 4: 1 is a way of planting that has 4 rows and interspersed with rows of empty 1 per line where the edge has a spacing of> 2 times the line spacing in the middle. Thus, the type of plant spacing Legowo 4: 1 is 20 cm (between rows and on line middle) x 10 cm (line side) x 40 cm (empty rows).
Understanding Legowo row 2: 1 is a way of planting that has 2 rows and interspersed with rows of empty 1 per line which has the edge vz time spacing spacing between rows. As such, the type of spacing Legowo 2: 1 is 20 cm (between rows) x 10 cm (line side) x 40 cm (empty rows).
Modification of plant spacing on the way Legowo planting can be done by various considerations. In general, spacing used was 20 cm and can be modified to be 22.5 cm or 25 cm according to considerations of rice varieties to be planted or the level of soil fertility.
Spacing for a similar rice IR-64 varieties, such varieties Ciherang enough with distance of 20 cm, whereas for rice varieties that have a more dense appearance and height spacing should be wider for example between 22.5 to 25 cm. Similarly, the soil is less fertile enough spacing of 20 cm, whereas in the more fertile land should be given greater spacing of 22.5 cm wide for example, or at the very fertile soil using the earnings distance of 25 cm. The selection of planting distance measure aims to obtain optimal results.
The purpose of planting Legowo system is :
1. Taking advantage of sunlight for plants that are on the edge line. The more sunlight on the plants, the process of photosynthesis by plant leaves, so the higher the weight will get heavier fruit.
2. Reduce the possibility of pest attacks, especially mice or rats. In relatively open land, less pests like rats living in it.
3. Pressing the disease. In a relatively open land, the humidity will be less, so the disease will also be reduced.
4. Facilitate the implementation of fertilization and pest / disease. The position of people who carried out fertilizing and pest / disease can freely on an empty row between 2 rows Legowo.
5. Adding plant population. For example the Legowo 2: 1, plant population will grow about 30%. Increased plant population will give hope in increasing productivity results.
1. Line Making Plant
Prepare the planting line tool to measure the desired spacing. Materials for planting line tool can be used wood or other materials that are available and affordable. Rice fields that have been prepared under cultivation, carried out 1-2 days before so that land drainage in few watery land. Flatten as possible. Further planting is the establishment of a straight line and clear the way plants draw a line tools that have been previously prepared and assisted with stricken rope from end to end land.
Age of rice seedlings used should be less than 21 days. Use the 1-3 seeds per planting hole at the intersection of lines already established. Planting rate should be the way forward so that the intersection of the line for the planting hole can be seen clearly. However, if the habit of planting retreat is not a problem, a significant population of plants that are planted can be fulfilled. In the groove left and right side of each row Legowo, plus the plant population of plants by inserting between the planting hole 2 are available.
Fertilization is done by sow. The position of people who do fertilizing at an empty row between 2 rows Legowo. Fertilizer is scattered to the left and right with equal, so 1-way may pass fertilization Legowo 2 rows. Special ways of fertilization on Legowo 2: 1 may be sown by the middle of the flow in the Legowo line.
Weeding could be done by hand or using a tool like a hedgehog. When the weeding is done by means of the afternoon, just done in one direction parallel to Legowo and not have to cut as weeding in the way of planting squares. Time weeds taken out not with a lunch in the middle row can Legowo taken out by hand, even the rest of the weeds on the side line of unnecessary Legowo taken as they automatically lose the competition with the growth of rice plants.
5. Controlling Pests and Diseases
On the control of pests and diseases by using a syringe or handsprayer, the position of people are on empty rows between rows 2 Legowo. Spray is directed to the left and right with equal, so 1-way can do the spraying Legowo row 2.
|Last Updated on Thursday, 12 August 2010 14:16|